Arna-Jharna Desert Museum, Jodhpur:
Arna-Jharna Desert Museum of Jodhpur, Rajasthan is located in the village of Moklawas, which is just 23 kilometers away from the main Jodhpur city. Arna-Jharna Desert Museum signifies two principles in its view point and exercise.
First one is the Arna-Jharna Desert Museum can be considered as a laboratory of the ordinary, a testing ground of all those simple configurations of life that ease the skills of survival in the desert.
The second principle is, the Arna-Jharna Desert Museum rejoices the fact that the ‘tradition’ is modern. The supposed ‘traditional group of people’ holding on to skills and manners of knowledge from past times are also part of a dynamic, varying present.The Meaning of ‘Arna-Jharna’ is ‘jungle’ and ‘spring’. Unlike most museums where what is of value is covered inside, Arna-Jharna Desert Museum includes the desert, its atmosphere and its occupants as its displays.
Arna-Jharna Desert Museum was created by the late Komal Kothari, one of India’s important folklorists and verbal historians of Jodhpur. The Arna-Jharna Desert Museum is acollaborating learning experience related to old-style knowledge methods.
Creation of the Arna-Jharna Desert Museum, Jodhpur, Rajasthan:
It is hard to believe that the site of the exhibition hall was once a wild sandstone mine surrounded by a tough and desiccated land as now it is covered by very calm environs. Currently, with the expertise of water-harvesting, the basin of the mine has been converted into a lake which has become the stomping ground and nesting ground of birds, especially of the peacocks.
The land with its alluvial rock foundations remains tough, but the soil has been cultivated to put up a rich biodiversity of aboriginalcactus, grasses, and the robust trees of the desert like kair, bair, rohida, kumbat and khejri.
Other famous places on the route to Arna-Jharna Desert Museum, Jodhpur, Rajasthan:
There are numerous traditional and spiritual landmarks along the way to Arna-Jharna desert Museum.One passes the famous Kaylana Lake (also known as Pratap Sagar), at about eight kilometers to the west direction of Jodhpur on the state road to Jaisalmer. Kaylana Lake is an artificial lake that was initially built by Pratap Singh (former Prime Minister of Jodhpur) in 1872. The lake is the sole surface water source for the drinking water supply of Jodhpur city covering 84 square kilometers in area.
At the cross-roads of the Arna-Jharna Desert Museum, where the highway continues to Jaisalmer, there is another road to Jodhpur through the rolling hills and lushbasin of Chokha and the attractive Umaid Sagar.
Other places along the way to Arna-Jharna Desert Museum include the famous places like Machia Safari Park and the Kala-Gora Temple in the village called Barli, which is devoted to the guardian divinity of the God “Bhaironji”.
Away from the museum “Arneshwar Mahadeva Shiva Temple” lies there. In this place of worship, annual fair is held on Purnima (full moon night) of the Kartik month of Hindu calendar. Bhogishal Yatra is also held in every three years which appeal thousands of tourists.
Out of the various museums in Jodhpur, Government Museum is very famous, which is also known as Sardar Government Museum. It is situated on the high court road of Jodhpur which is about 5kms from the main city, and stands in the middle of the Umaid public gardens.
Historical facts about Government Museum
Government Museum was established in 1909 and officially opened for public on 17th March, 1936. It was named after Maharaja Sardar Singh who ruled over the kingdom of Jodhpur. Umaid public gardens and the building of the Government Museum both were developed during the time of Maharaja Umaid Singh Ji. It is said according to the historical records that the construction of this museum was put into effect during the rule of Maharaja Umaid Singh ji.
The Government Museum brings a special charm for children. Kids gets very attracted by seeing stuffed animals, and stuffed birds which looks like real animals and birds. The museum also vaunts a great architecture whose credit goes to Edwardian architect, Henry Vaughan Lanchester. The Government Museum is very famous because it features wide collection. It reveals the royalty of past and best place to visit for the travelers who have keen interest in the historical collection.
The Government Museum comprises a varied collection of weaponries, knits, miniature portraits, portraits of rulers, local arts and crafts and the manuscripts and pictures of Jain Tirthankars are also exhibited in this museum.
Different Attractive Sections in Government Museum
There are various sections in this museum like military section, stuffed animals section, portraits section, textiles section etc.
In the military section, you can lookout a collection of unwieldy wooden biplane models and an extraordinary brass battleship.
Stuffed Bird’s Section
The stuffed birds’ section incorporates various stuffed birds, which are kept in the glass cases.
Portraits section includes a large number of miniature portraits, different rulers’ pictures and different types of arts portraits. These all consists of 1951 miniature paintings, 397 stone sculptures, 10 inscriptions, 12 terracotta, 111703.5 coins, 32 metallic objects, 178 arms and 4107 miscellaneous objects displayed in archaeological Section, art & craft, armory and historical section.
Zoo and Library
The zoo and the library at Government Museum are added as the special attraction for the tourists. Visitors can also see various stuffed animals in the zoo which is situated there and can also read books of different categories in the library located in the pleasing Umaid gardens (Umaid Bagh) which opens at 10:00 am in the morning and closes 4:45 pm. It is available on every day of the week except on Fridays and official holidays. Entry fee for the Government Museum is Rs. 3 for Indian tourists and Rs.10 for foreigner tourists.
Shilpgram, a craft village located in the west side of Udaipur at about 3 kilometers near a village known as Havala. This place can be taken as a museum which shows the village life, the traditional things of India. The aim of this place is to let the young generation and the tourists know the tribal, rural lifestyle and culture. This place also helps the artists by way of camps and workshop conducted at Shilpgram. Artists can interact with each other and learn something new and also can learn from the art and craft available there.
Mainly, two museums are developed at the place which features the utensils and things of daily use. Mini shops can be found here from where you can buy traditional jeweler and decorative arts.
This place have an open theater where events are conducted and simultaneously 8000 people can be seated in this place. Shilpgram festival is conducted every year from the year 2007 and daily show is conducted in the festival time. The Indian government has decided to make a copy of this place in each state to have a look at the traditional India.
Huts are created showing different styles used throughout the country. By visiting this place, you can have a demo of huts and the equipment used by the villagers of India. 5 huts show the style used by Rajasthan, 7 huts from Rajasthan and also from other places in India.
If someone needs to study Culture about Rajasthan, Festivals of India Folk art, songs, then you will find Bhartiya Lok Kala Mandal an Ideal place. Padma Shri Devilal Samar set up this place in the year of 1952. It is basically an Institution which features a museum. It shows the culture, the dresses of rural people, their Ornaments, Dolls, puppets etc. Regular sessions of puppet shows are conducted at this place in the puppet hall at Bhartiya Lok Kala Mandal.
The aim of this institute is to encourage the folk artists and to give puppet shows all over the India and also outside India. This place really help those who are studying Folk arts and traditions.
Bhartiya Lok Kala Mandal also conducts training programmers for the development of the rural population.